Precigen ActoBio Announces Additional Positive Interim Data from Phase 1b/2a Study of AG019 ActoBiotics™, A Novel Therapy Designed to Address the Underlying Cause of Type 1 Diabetes
The Phase 1b open-label portion of the study evaluates the safety and tolerability of AG019 as a monotherapy in adult (age 18-42) and adolescent (age 12-17) patients. The Phase 2a double-blind portion of the study investigates the safety and tolerability of AG019 in combination with an investigational anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody, teplizumab (PRV-031).
Previously reported Phase 1b/2a topline data showed the potential of oral AG019 treatment to preserve insulin production in recent-onset T1D through its capacity to induce antigen-specific immune modulation:
- The primary endpoint of both the Phase 1b AG019 monotherapy study and the Phase 2a AG019 combination therapy study was met.
- AG019 was well tolerated as a monotherapy and in combination with teplizumab with no serious adverse events (SAEs) reported.
- A single 8-week treatment cycle of oral AG019 as a monotherapy and in combination with teplizumab showed stabilization or increase of C-peptide levels during the first 6 months post treatment initiation in recent-onset T1D.
- In an independent analysis performed by the Immune Tolerance Network (ITN), a leading independent research group sponsored by the
US National Institutes of Health, oral AG019 treatment induced antigen-specific tolerance in conjunction with the reduction of disease-specific T-cell responses 6 months post treatment initiation. The extent of the antigen-specific tolerance was similar in both the AG019 monotherapy and combination therapy indicating that this effect may be attributed to the oral AG019 treatment.
New clinical results presented at EASD include:
Phase 1b oral AG019 monotherapy:
Dosing: Patients received a daily dose of oral AG019 monotherapy for 8 weeks and were evaluated for pharmacodynamic and metabolic markers. The average time of T1D diagnosis was 104 days at dosing initiation.
Clinical Activity*: New AG019 monotherapy data show that glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was below the 7% target for 100% of adult patients (9 of 9) and 92% of the patients aged 17 years and above (11 of 12) up to 12 months after dosing initiation. An HbA1c level below 7% is an important indicator of long-term glycemic control as defined by the
Mechanistic Data: In an independent analysis performed by the ITN, the AG019 monotherapy showed a decrease of conventional T-cells with an inflammatory phenotype (% TNFα+) in 100% of adult patients (4 of 4) analyzed up to 6 months after dosing initiation, whereas the mean expression of the inhibitory receptor PD-1 remained overall stable.
Phase 2a AG019 combination therapy:
Dosing: Patients received a daily dose of oral AG019 monotherapy for 8 weeks in combination with daily intravenous infusions of teplizumab for 12 days and were evaluated for pharmacodynamic and metabolic markers. The average time of T1D diagnosis was 103 days at dosing initiation.
Clinical Activity*: New AG019 combination therapy data show stabilization of HbA1c below the
Mechanistic Data: In an independent analysis performed by the ITN, the combination of AG019 and teplizumab showed a decrease of conventional T-cells with an inflammatory phenotype (% TNFα+) in 67% of adult patients (2 of 3) analyzed up to 6 months after dosing initiation, while an increase was shown in 100% of placebo-treated adult patients (2 of 2). Moreover, an increase in the expression of inhibitory receptor PD-1 in PPI and islet-reactive conventional T-cells was demonstrated in 67% of adult patients (2 of 3) analyzed up to 6 months after dosing initiation. This effect was not shown for placebo-treated adult patients (n=2) at 6 months after dosing initiation.
In the AG019 combination therapy study, the expansion of the exhausted phenotype in total CD8+ T-cells in adult and adolescent patients (n=12) was in line with previously reported anti-CD3 specific effects indicating an attenuation of the effector function. This effect was not shown for placebo-treated adult patients (n=2).
"AG019 showed stabilization of the long-term glycemic control markers, HbA1c and IDAA1c, for the majority of patients treated with the AG019 monotherapy and AG019 combination therapy," said
"The new data presented at EASD strengthens previously reported findings on C-peptide and antigen-specific immune modulation, and the exciting data for the AG019 monotherapy reinforces our belief that AG019 is promising as a standalone therapy. We look forward to further investigating the potential of AG019 in type 1 diabetes." Said
*Per Protocol Analysis Set: All data from patients who received at least 75% of the scheduled doses of AG019 and at least one dose of teplizumab in the combination cohorts and had no major protocol deviations affecting the main pharmacodynamic endpoints at the time point of data collection.
About AG019 ActoBiotics™
AG019 is formulated as an oral capsule of engineered Lactococcus lactis specifically modified to deliver autoantigen human proinsulin (hPINS) and the tolerance-enhancing cytokine human interleukin-10 (hIL-10) to the mucosal lining of the gastrointestinal tissues.
About Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)
T1D is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, resulting in a blood glucose imbalance. There is no approved disease-modifying treatment for T1D, which is currently managed through lifestyle modification and diet combined with exogenous insulin. Replacement insulin therapy is associated with a variety of near- and long-term adverse events, as is failure to properly control glucose levels within a narrow range. As of 2019, more than 463 million adults (20-79 years, diagnosed and undiagnosed) globally are living with diabetes with T1D estimated to account for 23 million to 46 million (5 to 10%) of all diabetes cases. Over 1.1 million below 20 years of age have T1D with an estimated 128,900, under age 20 years, expected to develop T1D worldwide annually.2
About Precigen ActoBio™
Precigen ActoBio is a clinical stage biotechnology company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Some of the statements made in this press release are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon Precigen's current expectations and projections about future events and generally relate to plans, objectives, and expectations for the development of Precigen's business and the business of Precigen ActoBio, including the timing and progress of preclinical and clinical trials and discovery programs, and the promise of their portfolio of therapies. Although management believes that the plans and objectives reflected in or suggested by these forward-looking statements are reasonable, all forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including the possibility that the timeline for clinical trials might be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and actual future results may be materially different from the plans, objectives and expectations expressed in this press release. Precigen has no obligation to provide any updates to these forward-looking statements even if its expectations change. All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. For further information on potential risks and uncertainties, and other important factors, any of which could cause Precigen's actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements, see the section entitled "Risk Factors" in Precigen's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and subsequent reports filed with the
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